A Plan to Increase Natural Production of Anadromous Fish in the Central Valley of California


May 30, 1997


Prepared for the Secretary of the Interior by the United States Fish and Wildlife Service with assistance from the Anadromous Fish Restoration Program Core Group under authority of the Central Valley Project Improvement Act.






The Central Valley Project Improvement Act (CVPIA) directs the Secretary of the Interior to develop and implement a program that makes all reasonable efforts to double natural production of anadromous fish in Central Valley streams (Section 3406(b)(1)). The program is known as the Anadromous Fish Restoration Program (AFRP).

The document you have before you is the Restoration Plan. The Restoration Plan is a programmatic- level description of the AFRP in broad and general terms, and will be used to guide the long-term development of the AFRP. The Restoration Plan presents the goal, objectives, and strategies of the AFRP; describes how the AFRP identified and prioritized reasonable actions and evaluations; lists those actions and evaluations; and notes those actions and evaluations that are already underway or that may be implemented in the near future.

This Restoration Plan is being released as a revised draft. The initial draft was released for review and comment in December 1995. This revised draft incorporates those comments to the extent the Department of the Interior (Interior) deemed appropriate. Interior intends to finalize this Restoration Plan upon completion of the Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement (PEIS) required by Section 3409 of the CVPIA. Interior is releasing the revised draft at this time because we believe that this Revised Draft Restoration Plan will assist in the work of our partners in restoration, including the CALFED Bay-Delta Program and local watershed workgroups.

The Restoration Plan has undergone extensive and formal review already; it is simply an advance copy of what we believe will be the final plan. Interior is releasing this revised draft for information only. Interior will make a decision about the possible need for further modification of this Restoration Plan after the PEIS is completed before we adopt this Restoration Plan.

Additionally, the United States Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) and the United States Bureau of Reclamation (USBR) are releasing guidelines and two draft administrative proposals that will provide guidance for several key aspects of AFRP implementation. The guidelines are titled "Guidelines for Section 3406(b)(2) Water for Fish and Wildlife Restoration" and the administrative proposals are titled "Anadromous Fish Restoration Program" and "Management of Section 3406(b)(2) water (800,000 acre-feet)." The information in the guidelines and these proposals is consistent with and complementary to information in this Restoration Plan.

The USFWS and USBR are developing an Implementation Plan that describes the specific actions that will be implemented soon. Final decisions about the reasonableness of actions included in this Restoration Plan will be made on an ongoing basis in this Implementation Plan.

In addition, USFWS and USBR are developing a longer-term Water Management Plan to guide management of water for environmental purposes, including use of water dedicated or acquired for environmental purposes under Sections 3406(b)(2) and (b)(3) of the CVPIA. By using a longer planning horizon (three-to-five years at a minimum), the Water Management Plan will enable water projects to efficiently plan project operations to maximize environmental benefits while minimizing water supply impacts.

USFWS and USBR will release their first Implementation Plan and the Water Management Plan in 1997. These plans will be continuously updated to include new information, consistent with the adaptive management approach described in this Restoration Plan.

The AFRP will use all the authority and resources provided by the CVPIA to restore anadromous fish and will rely heavily on local involvement and partnerships with property owners, watershed workgroups, public and private organizations, county and local governments, and state and federal agencies. To make restoration efforts as efficient as possible, the AFRP will coordinate restoration efforts with those by other groups, such as the California Department of Fish and Game, Category III of the Bay-Delta Agreement, the San Joaquin River Management Program, and the CALFED Bay-Delta Program. Successful implementation of the Restoration Plan will depend on the continued participation of the public and interested parties and support of involved state and federal agencies.




The Restoration Plan is the responsibility of the USFWS as the lead agency for the AFRP. The USFWS thanks the AFRP's Core Group, including Randy Brown of the California Department of Water Resources, Jim Bybee of the National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), Susan Hatfield and Bruce Herbold of the United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA), Ken Lentz of the USBR, and Terry Mills and Alan Barraco of the California Department of Fish and Game. However, this plan does not commit any Core Group members' agency to implement any of the actions noted herein. The USFWS thanks Laura King of the USBR, Gary Stern of the NMFS, Tom Hagler of the USEPA, and Dana Jacobsen of the Office of the Solicitor, and the members of Interior's Washington Office Policy Group, including Ted Boling of the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Fish and Wildlife and Parks, Dana Cooper of the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Water and Science, Barbara Geigle of the Office of the Solicitor, Rowan Gould of the USFWS, and Steve Magnuson of the USBR; and the staffs at the Central Valley Fish and Wildlife Restoration Program, including Roger Dunn, Roger Guinee, Andy Hamilton, Jim McKevitt, and Larry Puckett; the Sacramento Field Office, including Rick Morat and Mike Thabault; the Northern Central Valley Fish and Wildlife Office, including Jim Smith; and the Sacramento-San Joaquin Estuary Fishery Resource Office, including Pat Brandes, Dan Castleberry, Kathy Corbin, John Icanberry, Marty Kjelson, Yvette Leatherman, Sam Lohr, Gary Rensink, Scott Spaulding, and John Wullschleger; for their contributions toward completion of this plan. The USFWS also thanks the many public and private organizations and individuals that took time to help prepare this plan by attending public workshops, meeting on a local watershed or interest level, or writing or calling to voice their concerns.