Table of Atlantic salmon habitat preferences or requirements by life stage from Armstrong et al. (2003)

Life Stage Habitat Variable Measure Values Authors
Adult Spawning Water Velocity Mean 40 cm s-1 Heggberget (1991)
    Mean 53 cm s-1 Moir et al. (1998), Beland et al. (1982)
    Range 3580 cm s-1 Beland et al. (1982)
    Minimum  >1520 cm s-1 Crisp and Carling (1989)
  Water Depth Mean 50 cm Heggberget (1991)
    Mean 25 cm Moir et al. (1998)
    Mean 38 cm Beland et al. (1982)
    Range 1776 cm Beland et al. (1982)
  Substrate Size Median grain size 22mm Kondolf and Wolman (1993)
    Median (for several species) 5.478mm Kondolf and Wolman (1993)
    Mean particle size 2030mm Crisp and Carling (1989)
    Mean particle size 20.7mm Moir et al. (1998)
    Mean particle size 100mm Heggberget (1991)
  Redd Depth Mean 1525 cm Bardonnet and Bagliniere (2000)
  Percentage Fine Material <1mm  5.4% Moir et al. (1998)
    Range 2.38.0% Moir et al. (1998)
Fry Nursery Habitat Snout Water Velocity Range 515 cm s-1 Morantz et al. (1987)
    Range 1030 cm s-1 Rimmer et al. (1984)
  Mean column velocity Range 2040 cm s-1 Crisp (1993, 1996)
    Minimum >515 cm s-1 Heggenes et al. (1999)
    Maximum <100 cm s-1 Heggenes (1990)
    Range 1030 cm s-1 DeGraaf and Bain (1986)
  Water Depth Maximum (for fry) <10 cm Heggenes et al. (1999)
    Range (for fry) 2040 cm Morantz et al. (1987)
    Preference (for 0+)  <25 cm Symons and Heland (1978), Kennedy and Strange (1982), Morantz et al. (1987), Heggenes (1990), Crisp (1993)
    Range 565 cm Heggenes (1990)
    Maximum <100 cm Morantz et al. (1987), Heggenes (1990), Heggenes et al. (1999)
  Substrate size Range 16256mm Symons and Heland (1978)
Parr Rearing Snout water velocity Range 535 cm Morantz et al. (1987)
    Range 020 cm Heggenes et al. (1999)
    Range 1050 cm Rimmer et al. (1984)
  Mean column velocity Maximum >60 cm Heggenes et al. (1999)
    Maximum <120 cm Morantz et al. (1987)
    Minimum <20 cm Heggenes et al. (1999)
    Utilized preference 5065 cm Symons and Heland (1978)
    Utilized preference 1065 cm Heggenes (1990)
  Water depth Range 2560 cm Symons and Heland (1978), Rimmer et al. (1984), Morantz et al. (1987), Heggenes (1990)
    Range 2070 cm Heggenes (1990)
  Substrate size Range 64512+mm Symons and Heland (1978), Heggenes (1990)
Heggenes et al. (1999)